1. Presurgical bony defect
Surgery may be required when deeper pockets (over 4 to 6 mm) are found. Patients can seldom, if ever, keep them clean and free of plaque. Allowing pockets to remain may invite infection and bone destruction.
2. Flap incision allows gingival tissue to be retracted
When pockets are deep and bone has been destroyed, flap surgery may be necessary to allow the dentist to get access to the roots of the teeth in order to thoroughly remove calculus, plaque and any diseased tissue.
3. Gingival tissue is sutured into a new position
Osseous (bone) surgery sometimes accompanies flap surgery. In osseous surgery, some of the bone around the tooth is reshaped. In certain cases, a bone area may be employed to replace lost bone. Splints or other appliances may be used to stabilize loose teeth temporarily and may be necessary after completion of periodontal therapy as well.
4. After periodontal surgery
Other effective procedures are also available for replacing gum tissue and bone destroyed in advanced stages of the disease. These procedures are used for specific periodontal problems. Talk with us about the treatments that may be right for you.